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Improving Emergency Department Airway Preparedness in the Era of COVID-19: An Interprofessional, In Situ SimulationDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8V06M
At the conclusion of the simulation session, learners will be able to: 1) Understand the need to notify team members of a planned COVID intubation including: physician, respiratory therapist, pharmacist, nurse(s), and ED technician. 2) Distinguish between in-room and out-of-room personnel during high-risk aerosolizing procedures. 3) Distinguish between in-room and out-of-room equipment during high-risk aerosolizing procedures to minimize contamination. 4) Appropriately select oxygenation therapies and avoid high-risk aerosolizing procedures. 5) Manage high risk scenarios such as hypotension or failed intubation and be prepared to give push-dose vasoactive medications or place a rescue device such as an I-gel®.
A portable single-view radiograph of the chest was obtained upon the patient’s arrival to the ED resuscitation bay that showed diffuse reticulonodular airspace opacities (red arrows) seen throughout the bilateral lungs, concerning for disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis. Subsequently, a computed tomography (CT) angiography of the chest was obtained which again demonstrates this diffuse reticulonodular airspace opacity pattern (red arrows).
At the conclusion of the simulation session, learners will be able to: 1) Describe the spectrum of clinical presentations of necrotizing fasciitis. 2) Identify the microbial etiology of necrotizing fasciitis. 3) Describe the empiric antibiotics appropriate for necrotizing fasciitis. 4) Describe benefits and limitations of various imaging studies when working up necrotizing fasciitis.
At the conclusion of the simulation session, learners will be able to: 1) Obtain a relevant focused history, including immunization status, associated symptoms, sick contacts, and travel history. 2) Develop a differential for fever, rash, and altered mental status in a pediatric patient. 3) Discuss management of primary measles encephalitis, including empiric broad spectrum antibiotics and antiviral treatment. 4) Discuss appropriate disposition of the patient from pediatric emergency departments, community hospitals, and freestanding emergency departments, including appropriate time to call for transfer and the appropriate time to transfer this patient during emergency department (ED)workup. 5) Review types of isolation and indications for each.
A sagittal view from computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated fat stranding beneath the inferior margin of the liver (outlined in red). The axial view showed fat stranding adjacent to the ascending colon without significant colon wall thickening (arrow). Fat stranding can occur as a hazy increased attenuation (brightness) or a more distinct reticular pattern.