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ABSTRACT: This report demonstrates a case of a severe talar neck fracture. Although rare, talar neck fractures have a high potential for morbidity. Typically caused by a high energy injury, this patient’s mechanism of injury was relatively minor, and presentation was not immediately concerning for such a severe fracture. Initial x-rays provided a gross demonstration of the fracture, but a
On her right hip radiograph, the patient was found to have a right femoral neck fracture with superior displacement of the intertrochanteric portion of the right femur. Moreover, the radiograph demonstrated diffuse osteopenia of the right hip and femur from chronic disuse as characterized by the increased radiolucency of the cortical bones compared to the left side.
After this simulation case, learners will be able to diagnose and manage patients with spinal epidural abscesses. Specifically, learners will be able to: 1) Obtain a detailed history, including past infectious, surgical, procedural and social history to evaluate for epidural abscess risk factors; 2) describe clinical signs and symptoms of spinal epidural abscesses and understand that initial clinical presentations can be variable; 3) perform a focused neurological exam including evaluation of motor, sensory, reflexes, and rectal tone; 4) order appropriate laboratory testing and imaging modalities for spinal epidural abscess diagnosis, including a post-void bladder residual volume; 5) select appropriate antibiotics for empiric treatment of spinal epidural abscess depending on patient presentation; 6) disposition the patient to appropriate inpatient care.
By the end of this session, learners should be able to name and identify all bones of the hand; arrange and construct an anatomically correct bony model of the hand; build functional phalangeal flexor and extensor tendon complexes onto a bony hand model; describe the mechanism of injury, exam findings, and management of the tendon injuries Jersey finger, Mallet finger, and central slip rupture; draw/recreate injury patterns on a bony hand model; and describe the mechanism of injury, exam findings, imaging findings, and management of scapholunate dissociation, perilunate dislocation and lunate dislocation, Bennett’s fracture, Rolando fracture, Boxer’s fracture and scaphoid.