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By the end of this TBL session, learners should be able to: 1) Define features of simple versus complex febrile seizure, 2) Discuss which patients with seizure may require further diagnostic workup, 3) Summarize a discharge discussion for a patient with simple febrile seizures 4) Identify a differential diagnosis for pediatric patients presenting with seizure, 5) Define features of status epilepticus, 6) Review an algorithm for the pharmacologic management of status epilepticus, 7) Indicate medication dosing and routes of various benzodiazepine treatments, 8) Obtain a thorough history in an infant patient with seizures to recognize hyponatremia due to improperly prepared formula, 9) Choose the appropriate treatment for a patient with a hyponatremic seizure, 10) Describe the anatomy of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, 11) Relate a differential diagnosis of VP shunt malfunction, 12) Compare and contrast the neuroimaging options for a patient with a VP shunt
The electrocardiogram demonstrated sinus tachycardia with ST segment elevation in lead aVR (black arrows) and diffuse ST depressions concerning for possible ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Given the events reported and the patient’s neurologic exam without sedation, non-contrast CT of the head was ordered; imaging showed evidence of a large subarachnoid hemorrhage, mostly at the level of the Circle of Willis (black arrow) concerning for an aneurysmal bleed as well as mild generalized white matter density suggestive of cerebral edema.
Non-contrast CT head demonstrated a right sided EDH (red arrow) with overlying scalp hematoma, left-sided subdural hematoma (blue arrow), and bilateral subarachnoid hemorrhages. No skull fractures were noted.
Family Game Show-style Didactic for Teaching Nervous System Disorders during Emergency Medicine TrainingDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8D357
By the end of this didactic exercise the learner will: 1) name 13 important neurologic conditions related to emergency medicine: TPA (tissue plasminogen activator) contraindications/TPA eligibility, optic neuritis, botulism, giant cell (temporal) arteritis, viral encephalitis, neurocysticercosis, rabies, myasthenia gravis, neurosyphilis, status epilepticus, Bell’s palsy, dementia vs. delirium, acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (Guillain-Barré); 2) recognize five pattern words associated with each neurologic condition; 3) understand exam findings, diagnostic tests, and/or treatments for 13 important neurologic conditions.
At the conclusion of the simulation session, learners will be able to: 1) Obtain a relevant focused history, including immunization status, associated symptoms, sick contacts, and