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Bedside renal ultrasound demonstrated a right renal cyst with echogenic debris consistent with a hemorrhagic cyst (red arrow). In addition, a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a 4mm non-obstructing right renal stone and bilateral renal cysts. The CT also confirmed the ultrasound finding of a right renal cyst with mild perinephric stranding possibly consistent with a hemorrhagic cyst.
Meckel’s Diverticulum Causing Small Bowel Intussusception in Third Trimester Pregnancy, a Case ReportDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J87H19
A CT scan was obtained which demonstrated distal small bowel intussusception with focal dilation suggestive of a small bowel obstruction in a pregnant female in her third trimester of pregnancy. The fetus can be seen in the uterus. The yellow arrow identifies the area of small bowel intussusception shown by telescoping intestines with associated bowel wall edema.
A bedside ultrasound of the aorta was performed. The proximal, middle, and distal aorta appeared normal in caliber, as demonstrated by the images; however there seemed to be some enlargement at the bifurcation. The bifurcation into the iliac arteries, as highlighted by the yellow arrow, demonstrates a slightly enlarged iliac artery on the left. The aorta was followed below the bifurcation as it divided into the iliac arteries, as shown in the video clip. The ultrasound demonstrated a left iliac artery aneurysm measuring 5.99 cm, as highlighted by the orange circle. There were aneurysms to the bilateral common and internal iliac arteries.
History of present illness: A 75-year-old female with a remote history of rectal cancer presented to the emergency department with acute right upper abdominal pain. The pain had begun suddenly after lunch. On review of systems, the patient had mild nausea. Initial vital signs were within normal limit. She denied fever, chills, or vomiting. The physical examination revealed a distended,
Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis with oral and intravenous contrast was ordered to evaluate her symptoms. The CT showed three large collections of ingested material seen as hypodense material with circular rings surrounded by the hyperdense oral contrast (see red outlines). These findings are consistent with bezoars, the largest of which measured 11.5 x 7.8 cm. There was also thickening of the gastric wall (see blue outline), most notably at the pylorus, consistent with partial obstruction.
Chest X-ray showed an elevated left hemi-diaphragm with superior displacement of a portion of intra-abdominal contents presumed to be the stomach (green arrowheads) with associated rightward mediastinal shift (yellow arrows). The diagnosis was confirmed by CT. Computed tomography imaging of the chest showed a large, left diaphragmatic defect measuring approximately 5.5 cm with herniation of the upper half of the stomach through the defect. The fundus of the stomach (blue arrow) herniated superiorly through the ruptured diaphragm (red arrow).
The ultrasound images show the abscess, which is a large, circular, hypoechoic mass outlined in blue in the center of the image. The abscess is surrounded by the hyperechoic and heterogeneous liver tissue. For better delineation of the abscess, a CT was ordered. The axial CT scan image shows the liver abscess, which appears as a hypodense, ovoid, intrahepatic fluid collection within the liver parenchyma. The size of the abscess has been annotated with a dotted line measuring 194.9 mm x 166.2 mm.
We aim to teach the presentation and management of cardiovascular emergencies through the creation of a flipped classroom design. This unique, innovative curriculum utilizes resources chosen by education faculty and resident learners, study questions, real-life experiences, and small group discussions in place of traditional lectures. In doing so, a goal of the curriculum is to encourage self-directed learning, improve understanding and knowledge retention, and improve the educational experience of our residents.
The ultrasound image demonstrates severe intrahepatic biliary ductal dilatation without an obvious intrahepatic obstructive lesion, as pointed out by the white arrows. The hepatic vasculature is well-distinguished from the biliary tree via color flow doppler, as seen by the white arrowheads.
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Point of care ultrasound of his abdomen showed a large fluid filled structure with well-defined borders containing gastric contents extending from the xiphoid process to the umbilical region. No free fluid was noted on focus assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examination. A computed tomography (CT) scan was performed emergently and it was noted that the patient had a significantly distended stomach and gastric volvulus (blue arrows) noted in the area of his paraesophageal/hiatal hernia.