Approach to the Poisoned Patient
This video lecture is appropriate for emergency medical providers who are not comfortable with initial assessment of poisoned patients. Ideal learners include medical students and residents.
Poisoning is the leading cause of injury-related mortality in the United States, with more than 40,000 deaths annually.1 Of all ED injury-related visits, 2.4% are related to poisoning.2 While providers may have access to support services (poison control center, medical toxicology consulting service), they are often responsible for the initial evaluation of poisoned patients. While a large portion of poisoned patients have good outcomes regardless of the care they receive, inappropriate risk assessment and lack of knowledge about basic interventions can put patients at risk. A standardized approach as outlined in the video will help evaluate and treat the vast majority of poisoned patients.
By the end of the lecture, learners should be able to: 1) initiate the evaluation of a poisoned patient, 2) identify key interventions to support airway, breathing, and circulation, 3) identify the three components of risk assessment in the poisoned patient, 4) list the four options for gastric decontamination, and 5) select standard diagnostic labs and tests commonly used in evaluating poisoned patients.
This is an enhanced live action greenscreen recording with video animation.
This video has been made available for a variety of learners on social medial (Facebook and YouTube) and written feedback has been collected on YouTube.
The video has been seen over three thousand times and has received positive comments on social media (Facebook, YouTube). Comments include “dropping some tox knowledge bombs, proving yet again that #ToxRocks,” and “This is an excellent talk, thank you very much, but I think it would be worth mentioning antidotes.”
The goal is to expose learners to basic concepts in approaching poisoned patients and focusses on cognitive knowledge and diagnostic frameworks. The learner may watch the on-demand video as part of a flipped classroom experience with clinical cases, or as a just-in-time resource before seeing a patient who has been poisoned.
Poisoning, resuscitation, risk assessment, gastric decontamination, occult ingestion, supportive care.