Respiratory Distress in the Pediatric ED: A Case-based Self-directed Learning Module
Emergency medicine residents, pediatric residents on an EM rotation
Emergency medicine residents are expected to recognize and treat patients of all ages and diseases of all varieties, yet most education and training is focused on the adult patient. Exposure to pediatrics is generally integrated into training across all years of residency, but time spent in the pediatric emergency department is still a small portion of resident education. This module aims to enhance the ability of the emergency medicine residents to recognize and treat respiratory distress in children, one of the most common presenting chief complaints in the pediatric population, by integrating the concepts of case-based learning, self-directed learning and self-testing.
By the end of this module, learners will be able to: 1) recognize the unique pathophysiology for respiratory distress in the pediatric population and formulate a broad differential; 2) understand the treatment principles for the most common causes of respiratory distress in children; 3) navigate and apply validated clinical decision-making tools for treatment of pediatric respiratory illnesses.
A learning module consisting of six clinical vignettes based on the most common causes of respiratory distress in children, with associated self-test questions, and key learning concepts was created for resident education. This module was a self-directed PowerPoint slideshow with embedded questions and links to evidence-based clinical decision-making tools.
A survey was created to gauge the residents’ perceptions of the learning module and its usefulness in their learning.
Twenty (30%) residents used this module and took the survey. Ninety percent of respondents felt more comfortable managing respiratory distress in children after completing this module. Ninety-five percent of respondents felt they had sufficient knowledge of the topic after completing the module and would like to have more modules such as this one on other topics.
Residents indicated in the survey that the module enhanced their knowledge and comfort with clinical practice. This unique learning module integrates basic and clinical sciences and utilizes many different learning concepts to engage and motivate the adult learner. The module may also be re-created in order to cover other similar topics as a supplement to resident education.
Pediatrics, respiratory, infectious disease, asthma, croup, anaphylaxis, foreign body aspiration, bronchiolitis, laryngomalacia.