The CT abdomen/pelvis with IV contrast shows a dilated appendix (see red outline) with thickened, hyperenhancing wall (see blue outline) best visualized in the axial and coronal planes.
The patient’s head CT showed a significant area of hyperdensity consistent with an intracranial hemorrhage located within the left frontal parietal lobe (red arrow). Additionally, there is rightward midline shift up to 1.1cm (green arrow) and entrapment of the right lateral ventricle (blue arrow).
In the abdominal radiograph, a nonspecific and non-obstructive bowel gas pattern with no air-fluid level was noted, however the stomach was distended with soft tissue. The CT abdomen/pelvis revealed a distended stomach with undigested heterogeneous contents (presumed bezoar).
Anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique x-ray views were obtained. The AP view revealed a displaced spiral fracture of the lateral malleolus (red) and a vertical fracture of the medial malleolus (blue). The lateral view revealed a displaced fracture of the posterior malleolus, tibial plafond (yellow), and the oblique view showed widening of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (green). CT scans confirmed trimalleolar fracture, annotated with the same colored lines (red, lateral malleolus; blue, medial malleolus; yellow, posterior malleolus).
In the anteroposterior view bilateral hip x-ray, there is an evident loss of Shenton’s line on the left when compared to the normal right, indicative of a fracture in the left femoral neck. This correlates with findings seen on pelvic CT, which reveals both a subcapital fracture and transcervical fracture. The neck of the femur is displaced superiorly relative to the head of the femur while the head of the femur remains in its anatomical position within the acetabulum.
The initial chest x-ray showed an abnormal superior mediastinal contour (blue line), suggestive of a possible aortic injury. The CT angiogram showed extensive circumferential irregularity and outpouching of the distal aortic arch (red arrows) compatible with aortic transection. In addition, there was a circumferential intramural hematoma, which extended through the descending aorta to the proximal infrarenal abdominal aorta (green arrow). There was also an extensive surrounding mediastinal hematoma extending around the descending aorta and supraaortic branches (purple arrows).
Computed Tomography (CT) of the cervical spine showed a stable, acute, non-displaced fracture of the odontoid process extending into the body of C2, consistent with a Type III Odontoid Fracture. He was evaluated by orthopedic spine service who recommended conservative, non-operative management.
On physical examination, the patient was noted to have a nearly “watermelon-sized” fluctuant mass to his right lateral superior quadriceps with multiple overlying abrasions (Image 1). Computed tomography (CT) scans of the area showed a large heterogeneous collection measuring roughly 37x9.5x16 centimeters in the subcutaneous adipose layer of the lateral right thigh (Image 2), while ultrasonography revealed a complex fluid collection containing some nodular solid components and debris (Image 3). Additionally, radiographs confirmed multiple fractures including most significantly a pelvic ring fracture. Surgical debridement, evacuation, and sclerodhesis were performed nine weeks post injury to allow overlying abrasions to heal prior to intervention.