The video shows a subxiphoid view of the heart with evidence of a large pericardial effusion with tamponade – note the anechoic stripe in the pericardial sac (see red arrow). This video demonstrates paradoxical right ventricular collapse during diastole and right atrial collapse during systole which is indicative of tamponade.1,2 Figure 1 is from the same patient and shows sonographic pulsus paradoxus. This is an apical 4 chamber view of the heart with the sampling gate of the pulsed wave doppler placed over the mitral valve. The Vpeak max and Vpeak min are indicated. If there is more than a 25% difference with inspiration between these 2 values, this is highly suggestive of tamponade.1 In this case, there is a 32.4% difference between the Vpeak max 69.55 cm/s and Vpeak min 46.99 cm/s.
Bedside echocardiography showed the findings consistent with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Echocardiographic images are shown in subxiphoid (A) and apical four chamber (B) views. Note the apical ballooning appearance (asterisk) of the left ventricle (LV).
Point of care ultrasound revealed a mobile, radiolucent hyperechoic structure (see red arrow) with reverberation within the posterior chamber (see blue arrow), likely a metallic foreign body. Linear areas of mobile hyperechoic material revealed possible vitreous hemorrhage (see purple circular area). Orbital non-contrast CT confirmed a 3 mm metallic focus within the dependent portion of the left globe, lodged in the posterior sclera, with some vitreous hemorrhage but no evidence of globe rupture. Ophthalmology was consulted and the patient was taken to surgery later that night.
Abdominal ultrasound showed the classic presentation of the Wall-Echo-Shadow (WES) sign. The superficial aspect of the gallbladder wall is represented by a hyperechogenic curve. Below this, bile fluid is represented by hypoechogenicity. Underneath the bile fluid is the echo of the dense border created by the collection of gallstones, represented by a hyperechogenic curve. Due to the high density of the gallstones, nothing deeper can be visualized (including other gallstones or the far end of the gallbladder); this is the shadow.