Case Report of Distal Radioulnar Joint and Posterior Elbow DislocationDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J89S6K
Radiographs of the left elbow and wrist were obtained. Left elbow radiographs showed simple posterolateral dislocation of the olecranon (red) without fracture of the olecranon (red) or trochlea (blue). Left wrist lateral radiographs demonstrated DRUJ dislocation with dorsal displacement of the distal ulna (green) without fracture or widening of the radioulnar joint (purple). Post-reduction radiographs demonstrated appropriate alignment of the elbow with the trochlea seated in the olecranon and improved alignment of the DRUJ.
A Case Report of Ogilvie’s Syndrome in a 58-year-old QuadriplegicDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J82922
Plain radiograph of the patient's abdomen revealed a gaseous distention of the colon. This is demonstrated as noted in the abdominal x-ray as gaseous distention, most notably in the large bowel (arrows) including the rectal region (large circle). Follow up computed tomography (CT) scan affirmed severe pancolonic gaseous distention measuring up to 11.2 cm, compatible with colonic pseudo-obstruction as noted by the large red arrows. No anatomical lesion or mechanical obstruction was observed, as well as no evidence of malignancy or other acute process.
Is an X-ray a Useful Test for Esophageal Food Boluses? A Case ReportDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8Q639
The plain film radiograph of the chest demonstrated a fluid level (yellow arrow) in the distal esophagus with dilation of the esophagus proximal to that point (blue line). Neither of these findings were present on the previous visit.
Case Report: Talar Neck FractureDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8FP75
ABSTRACT: This report demonstrates a case of a severe talar neck fracture. Although rare, talar neck fractures have a high potential for morbidity. Typically caused by a high energy injury, this patient’s mechanism of injury was relatively minor, and presentation was not immediately concerning for such a severe fracture. Initial x-rays provided a gross demonstration of the fracture, but a
A Case Report on Miliary Tuberculosis in Acute Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory SyndromeDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J81H02
A portable single-view radiograph of the chest was obtained upon the patient’s arrival to the ED resuscitation bay that showed diffuse reticulonodular airspace opacities (red arrows) seen throughout the bilateral lungs, concerning for disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis. Subsequently, a computed tomography (CT) angiography of the chest was obtained which again demonstrates this diffuse reticulonodular airspace opacity pattern (red arrows).
Case Report of Untreated Pediatric Femoral Neck Fracture with OsteopeniaDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8S92K
On her right hip radiograph, the patient was found to have a right femoral neck fracture with superior displacement of the intertrochanteric portion of the right femur. Moreover, the radiograph demonstrated diffuse osteopenia of the right hip and femur from chronic disuse as characterized by the increased radiolucency of the cortical bones compared to the left side.
Loose PEG Tube Leading to Peristomal Leakage and Peritonitis, a Case ReportDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8HS7T
Frontal chest X-ray showed a large radiolucent area (pink highlighted area) underneath the diaphragm (yellow line) and on top of the liver (blue highlighted area) and spleen (green highlighted area) suggestive of pneumoperitoneum possibly caused by gastrointestinal perforation. This large radiolucent area can also be seen underneath the diaphragm in the lateral view chest X-ray. Computed tomography (CT) was not performed due to his physical exam findings and the significant positive findings on chest X-ray. Surgery was consulted and patient was taken emergently to the operating room.
Rapid Airway Narrowing Associated with Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, a Case ReportDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J86D3Q
Neck X-ray showed nonspecific significant prevertebral soft tissue swelling at the level of the cervical spine, with associated apparent thickening of the epiglottis (yellow arrow), diffuse soft tissue swelling of the neck (red arrows) and tracheal airway narrowing (light blue arrow). The computed tomography imaging of the neck was significant for multiple conglomerating pathological lymph nodes with a significant mass effect (orange arrows) compressing the right internal jugular vein (green arrow).
Ascending Thoracic Aortic Dissection: A Case Report of Rapid Detection Via Emergency Echocardiography with Suprasternal Notch ViewsDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8WW6W
Video of parasternal long-axis bedside transthoracic echocardiogram: The initial images showed grossly normal left ventricular function, and no pericardial effusion or evidence of cardiac tamponade. However, the proximal aorta beyond the aortic valve was poorly-visualized in this window.
Case Report: Acute SupraglottitisDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8006V
On arrival, radiographs of the neck soft tissues were obtained, which showed a markedly enlarged epiglottic shadow (red arrow) concerning for epiglottitis. A computed tomography scan of the neck soft tissues with contrast was then obtained which revealed edematous mucosal thickening of the oropharynx (blue arrow) and supraglottic larynx (green arrow) including the epiglottis (purple arrow) concerning for acute infectious pharyngitis and supraglottic laryngitis with severe narrowing of the supraglottic laryngeal lumen, as well as associated extensive inflammation and edema of the superficial and deep left neck spaces. The patient’s white blood cell count was elevated to 25.7x109/L with 87% neutrophils. Her rapid strep test was positive. Otolaryngology was consulted and performed a bedside flexible laryngoscopy which showed significant edema of the epiglottis (orange arrow), vocal cords (white arrow), and arytenoids (black arrow), left greater than right. Based on the findings and concern for impending respiratory failure, the patient received an awake fiberoptic intubation by anesthesia at the bedside.