Computed tomography (CT) of the abdominal and pelvis with intravenous (IV) contrast revealed inflammatory changes, including gas and fluid collections within the ventral abdominal wall extending to the vulva, consistent with a necrotizing soft tissue infection.
The initial CT scans showed extraluminal gas surrounding the distal esophagus as it traversed the posterior mediastinum, concerning for possible distal esophageal perforation that prompted surgery and GI consultations. There was no evidence of a drainable collection or significant fat stranding. The image also showed an intraluminal stent traversing the gastric antrum and gastric pylorus with no indication of obstruction. Circumferential mural thickening of the gastric antrum and body were consistent with the patient’s history of gastric adenocarcinoma. The shotty perigastric lymph nodes with associated fat stranding, along the greater curvature of the distal gastric body suggested local regional nodal metastases and possible peritoneal carcinomatosis. The thoracic CT scans showed extensive pneumomediastinum that tracked into the soft tissues of the neck, which given the history of vomiting also raised concern for esophageal perforation. There was still no evidence of mediastinal abscess or fat stranding. Additionally, a left subclavian vein port catheter, which terminates with tip at the cavoatrial junction of the superior vena cava can also be seen on the image.
A segment of bowel within the right abdomen that measured approximately 1.6 x 1.5 cm transaxially. It demonstrated a hypoechoic edematous outer loop of bowel (blue arrow) and hyperechoic compressed loop of bowel telescoping within (red star), this is known as the "target sign."
Radiographs of the right elbow revealed an acute fracture through the lateral epicondyle with dislocation of the radial head inferiorly. Radiographs of the left elbow revealed a slightly angulated fracture through the lateral epicondyle.
Propafenone Overdose-induced Arrhythmia and Subsequent Correction After Administration of Sodium BicarbonateDOI: https://doi.org/10.21980/J8D925
The first ECG in this case showed sinus tachycardia with a widened QRS (black arrow), a rightward axis, prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc), and terminal R wave in AVR (white arrow). There are several potential causes for these ECG findings, but put together with the patient’s history, we were suspicious of sodium channel blockers being the most likely cause. The second ECG, after sodium bicarbonate was administered, demonstrated a normal QRS (black arrow) and no rightward axis deviation, reduction of the QTC and resolution of the terminal R wave (white arrow). We later learned that the patient’s cardiologist recently increased her propafenone dose.
Physical exam was significant for an erythematous maculopapular rash in the right ophthalmic nerve (V1) region, a crusted vesicle at the right upper eyelid, and surrounding eyelid edema. Visual acuity remained at baseline and intraocular pressure was within normal limits. External slit lamp exam with fluorescein staining was remarkable for pseudodendrites in the inferior-temporal cornea approximately 1.5 mm from the limbus. Ophthalmology was consulted and completed an in-depth evaluation of the corneal lesions. They found no evidence of anterior chamber reaction and performed a complete dilated fundus examination which demonstrated no retinal involvement. The patient was then discharged on acyclovir and erythromycin ointment with close follow-up.
History of present illness: While watering his lawn, a 36-year-old man felt two sharp bites to his bilateral ankles. He reports that he then saw a light brown, 2-foot snake slither away from him. He came to the emergency department because of pain and swelling in his ankles and inability to bear weight. Physical examination revealed bilateral ankle swelling and
Axial and coronal views on CT showed evidence of a large, tube-shaped foreign body in the rectum (see arrows) without evidence of acute gastrointestinal tract disease.
History of present illness: A 27-year-old female sustained an injury to her left hand after she tripped and fell on a vase. She presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of pain over the laceration. Upon examination, patient presented with multiple small abrasions of the medial aspect of the left 5thdigit that are minimally tender. Additionally, she has one 0.5cm
The patient underwent computed tomography (CT) of the head which revealed opacification of the left middle ear (red arrow) and mastoid air cells (red circles). Additionally, there was thickening of the soft tissues of the external auditory canal (blue arrowhead), likely reflecting concurrent otitis externa. Based on the imaging, he was admitted for findings consistent with acute otomastoiditis.